Aviatik B.I

Aviatik B.II - 1915
Aviatik B.I

The Aviatik B.I was a relatiely slow, unarmed, two-seater biplane, it entered into service in 1914, and was used for observation and reconnaissance in the early years of the war.

Aviatik B.I
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • Type: Reconnaissance
  • Entered Service: 1914
  • Powerplant:1 × Mercedes, 6 cylinder, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wing Span: 45 ft 10 in (13.97 m)
  • Length: 26 ft 2 in (7.97 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,400 lb (1,088 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 62 mph (100 km/h)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: None

References

  1. From Wikipedia Aviatik B.I, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviatik_B.I"
  2. Gunston, Bill (1993). "World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers". Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
  3. Jackson, Robert (2002). "The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft". Paragon.
  4. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation." London: Studio Editions.

Aviatik B.II

Aviatik B.II
Aviatik B.II

The Aviatik B.II was a reconnaissance aircraft built in Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I. It was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration that seated its pilot and observer in tandem, open cockpits. Compared to its predecessor, the B.I, the B.II had a more powerful engine and revised nose design that faired the powerplant in more neatly, and a single "rhino horn" collector stack for the exhaust. A variety of two- and three-bay wing designs were utilised during production.

While originally no armament was fitted (in common with other B - class aircraft), later production versions received a machine gun for the observer. All were withdrawn from front-line service by early 1916, however the type continued in use as a trainer for a time with advanced flying training units

Aviatik B.II
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • Designed By: Robert Wild
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Retired: 1916
  • Primary Users:
    • Luftstreitkräfte
    • Kaiserliche und Konigliche Luftfahrtruppen
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.II, 120 hp (88 kW)
  • Wingspan: 40 ft 6 in (12.35 m)
  • Length: 23 ft 3 in (7.10 m)
  • Maximum Speed: 60 mph (100 km/h)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Service Ceiling: 20,000 ft (6,100 m)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Early Models: None
    • Later Models: 1× 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun, observer cockpit

References

  1. From Wikipedia Aviatik B.II, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviatik_B.II"
  2. Cowin, H.W. "German and Austrian Aviation of World War I". Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000 ISBN 1-841-76069-2
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 89.
  4. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 889 Sheet 89.

Aviatik C.I - C.III

Aviatik C.I - 1915
Aviatik C.I
Aviatik C.II - 1915
Aviatik C.II - 1915

The Aviatik C.I was a German World War I observation aircraft built by Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG, which first came into service in September 1915 . It was the successor to the Aviatik B.I and B.II models. The observer sat in front of the pilot in this model which limited the gunner's field of fire. However, the opportunity was presented for more aggressive aircrews to take an increased offensive approach in engaging enemy aircraft. The positions of the pilot and gunner were reversed in the C.Ia version. Later models, the C.II and C.III were produced in large numbers and had more powerful engines.

Aviatik C.I
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • First flight: 1915
  • Introduced: 1915
  • Retired: 1917
  • Operators: German Empire Luftstreitkräfte
  • Variants
    • C.II: Powered by 149 kW (200 hp) Benz Bz. IV engine. Not produced in quantity
    • C.III: 1916 refinement, operated until 1917.
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D III 6 cylinder water cooled in-line, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 0.25 in (12.5 m)
  • Wing Area: 465.4 ft² (43 m²)
  • Length: 26 ft 0 in (7.925 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8.125 in (2.95 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,650 lb (750 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,948 lb (1,340 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 77 knots, 88.75 mph (142 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 11,500 ft (3,500 m)
  • Wing Loading: 6.33 lb/ft² (31.2 kg/m²)
  • Power/Mass: 0.054hp/lb (0.089 kW/kg)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Climb to: 3,050 ft (1,000 m): 12 min
  • Crew: Two
  • Armament: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in rear cockpit

References

  1. van Wyngarden, G. "Early German Aces of World War 1". Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006, p.6. ISBN 1-84176-997-5
  2. Taylor, Michael J H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". Portland House, 1989, p.88. ISBN 0-517-69186-8
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, pp.62—63.

Aviatik Type D II

Aviatik Type D II - 1916
Aviatik Type D II - 1916

The Automobil und Aviatik AG of Leipzig-Heiterblick licence-built the Halberstadt D.II as the Aviatik D.I - later known as the Halberstadt D.II(Av)in late 1916. The experience helped in developing and building first original Aviatik single-seat fighter design, designated as the D.II . The D.II was an orthodox staggered single-bay biplane with wood and fabric-covered wings. The airframe construction featured a steel tube forward section covered in a metal skin. The aft fuselage was largely skinned in plywood.

Power was generated by the 160hp Daimler D III six-cylinder water-cooled engine. The armament consisted of the standard twin forward-firing synchronized 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns firing through the air-screw disc.

Construction of the prototype and the initial test flight took place in 1916. Unfortunately the results were not very promising when compared with other competing designs. The D.II fighter did not find favor with the Idflieg. It was not accepted for production, and further development of the design was discontinued, only the one prototype was built.

Aviatik Type D II
  • Role: Experimental Single-seat biplane fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • First Flight: 1916
  • Number Built: One
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D III six-cylinder water-cooled engine, 160hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 0 in (8,84 m).
  • Length: 22 ft 4 ½ in (6,82 m).
  • Height: 9 ft 5 in (2,87 m).
  • Maximum Speed: 93 mph (150 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: 78 mph (125 km/h)
  • Time to: 3,280 ft (1 000 m) 7.2 min.
  • Rate of climb: 450 ft/min (139 m/min)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik D.II 1916 The Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved Sept. 16, 9:07 from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/aviatik_d-2.php
  2. Aviatik D II Flying Machines Russia Retrieved Sept. 16, 9:17 from http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft25476.htm
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. German Aircraft of the First World War. London:Putnam, 1962.

Aviatik D.III

Aviatik D.III

The Aviatik D.III was a German prototype single-seater fighter plane from the First World War, designed by Aviatik. It became the basis for the Aviatik D.IV and Aviatik D.V. In November 1917, the plane was first flown, using a 195 hp Benz Bz IIIbo gearless engine. It was of similar design to the Aviatik D.II, and was armed with two LMG 08/15 machine guns. After several tests at Adlershof from February 912, 1918, the plane underwent modifications, as requested by the Idflieg. In April, a second prototype, powered by a Benz Bz IIIbm, although several D.III powered by the original IIIbo engine were already under production; however, none of them were ever completed.

Some have claimed that the Aviatik D.III was superior to the Albatros D.V.

Aviatik D.III
  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: German
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • First flight: November 1917
  • Number built: 2
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz IIIbo 8 cylinder liquid cooled V engine, 195 hp (145 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 6 in (9 m)
  • Wing area: 230 ft² (21 m²)
  • Height: 10 ft 1 in (3.08 m)
  • Length: 27 ft 9 in (8.47 m)
  • Gross Weight: 1,905 lb (864 kg)
  • Rate of Climb: 22 ft/min (0.11 m/s)
  • Range: 447 mi; 389 nmi (720 km)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing fixed synchronized 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik D.III. (2011, March 28). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:22, June 10, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aviatik_D.III&oldid=421166330
  2. Green, William; Gordon Swanborough (2001). The complete book of fighters: an illustrated encyclopedia of every fighter aircraft built and flown. Salamander. p. 40. ISBN 9781840652697.
  3. Gray, Peter Lawrence; Owen Gordon Thetford (1962). German aircraft of the First World War. Putnam. p. 285.

Aviatik D.VII

Aviatik D.VII - 1918
Aviatik D.VII

The D.VII, which was intended to participate in the third D-type Contest of October 1918, was essentially similar to the D.VI apart from having completely redesigned vertical and horizontal tail surfaces. Like its predecessor it was powered by a geared Benz Bz Illbm eight-cylinder Vee engine driving a four-bladed propeller. Armament comprised the standard twin 7.92mm synchronised machine guns, and only one prototype was completed.

Aviatik D.VII
  • Role: Single-seat biplane fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Automobil und Aviatikwerke AG
  • Year Built: 1918
  • First Flight: October 1918
  • Developed From: Aviatik D.VI
  • Number Built: One
  • Status: Prototype
  • Power Plant: 1 × Benz Bz IIIbm liquid cooled V-8 cylinder engine 200hp (149 kW)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 8 in (9.66 m)
  • Length: 20 ft 0 in (6.10 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.50 m)
  • Take-off Weight: 2083 lb (945 kg)
  • Empty Weight: 1642 lb (745 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 119 mph (192 km/h)
  • Cruising Speed: 103 mph (165 km/h)
  • Rate of Climb: 800 ft/min (250 m/min)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik D VII 1918 The Virtual Aircraft Museum Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved28, 2011 11: 50 from http: //www.aviastar.org/air/germany/aviatik_d-7.php
  2. W.Green, D.Swanborough "The Complete Book of Fighters", 2000