Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturing company. It was founded in 1912 in Friedrichshafen, Germany by Theodor Kober who had previously worked for the Zeppelin company. The town, which was located by the Bodensee, was already famous in aviation circles as the place where Zeppelin airships were built. During the First World War, Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen mainly built seaplanes for the German Navy, and a highly successful series of land based medium bombers for the Imperial Air Service under the aegis of head designer Karl Gehlen.

After the Armistice, the company took over the old Zeppelin shed at Manzell. They would also start production in Weingarten and Warnemünde. When the company failed in 1923, their production facilities were taken over by Dornier Flugzeugwerke.

Friedrichshafen Aircraft 1914

Friedrichshafen FF.33

Friedrichshafen FF.33e
Friedrichshafen FF.33e - 1917
 Friedrichshafen FF.39
Friedrichshafen FF.39 - 1917

The Friedrichshafen FF.33 was a German single-engined amphibious reconnaissance biplane designed by Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen in 1914.

The initial production version was powered by a Mercedes D.II engine inline water-cooled engine, six examples of this variant were built. The basic design was refined and improved. The FF.33e main production reconnaissance variant was powered by a Benz B.III inline engine. This version had longer twin floats, and the under tail central float was eliminated. A radio transmitter replaced its armament, aproximately 180 examples of the FF.33e variant were built.
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Friedrichshafen FF.33
  • Type: Fighter
  • Country: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH
  • First Flight: 1914
  • Entered Service: 1914
  • Primary User: Kaiserliche Marine
  • Number Built:
    • FF.33E: 180
    • FF.33L: 135
  • Powerplant:
    • FF.33E: 1 × Benz Bz.III inline engine, 150 hp (112 kW)
    • FF.39: 1 × Benz Bz.IV, inline water-cooled engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Length:
    • FF.33e: 33 ft 6 in (10.22 m)
    • FF.33l: 29ft 3½ in (8.92 m)
  • Wingspan:
    • FF.33e: 54 ft 6 in (16.60 m)
    • FF.33l: 43 ft 4 in (13.2m)
  • Height: 12 ft 4 in (3.75 m)
  • Max Takeoff Weight:
    • FF.33e: 3,412 lb (1,550 kg)
    • FF.33l: 2,458 lb (1,115 kg)
  • Maximum Speed:
    • FF.33e: 68 mph (112 km/h)
    • FF.33l: 81 mph (130 km/h.)
  • Endurance: 4-5 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: FF.33l
    • Guns: 1 × flexible 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 in rear cockpit
    • Bombs: 8 × 26.4 lb (12 kg)

References

  1. Friedrichshafen FF.33. (2010, August 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:57, August 29, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Friedrichshafen_FF.33&oldid=379054818
  2. Timo Heinonen. Thulinista Hornetiin - 75 vuotta Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneita. Tikkakoski: Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo. (1992) ISBN 9519568824.

Friedrichshafen Aircraft 1915

Friedrichshafen G.III

Friedrichshafen G.III - 1915
Friedrichshafen G.III - 1915
Friedrichshafen G.IIIa - 1917
Friedrichshafen G.IIIa - 1917

In front-line service with the Luftstreitkräfte, the G.III series equipped a large portion of the bomber force until the end of the war. The G.III series bombers served mainly on the Western Front where they were used to great effect, mostly in nocturnal attacks, on both tactical targets behind the Allied front-lines as well as for strategic air raids on major urban centers such as Paris. As far as is known no Friedrichshafen bombers of any type ever participated in strategic air raids on Britain because they lacked the range needed. The attacks on Britain were conducted exclusively by Gotha G.IV and G.V medium bombers, Zeppelin Staaken R.IV heavy bombers and Zeppelin airships. The G.III was generally well liked by its military crews for its superior load carrying capability, reliability, robustness and relatively low accident rate.
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Friedrichshafen G.III
  • Type: Heavy Bomber
  • Manufacturer: Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH
  • Designed by: Karl Gehlen
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Production Run: 1915 to 1918
  • Powerplant: 2× Mercedes D.IVa, water cooled six-cylinder, in-line engine, 260 hp (194 kW) each
  • Wingspan: 77 ft 9.25 in (23.70 m)
  • Length: 42 ft (12.8 m)
  • Height: 12 ft (3.66 m)
  • Wing Area: 1,023 ft² (95 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 5,941 lb (2,695 kg)
  • Maximum Takeoff Weight: 8,664 lb (3,930 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 84 mph (135 km/h)
  • Range: 373 mi (600 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 14,764 ft (4,500 m)
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Crew: 3
  • Armament:
    • Guns: Usually 2-3 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine guns.
    • Bombs: Any combination of 7.5 lb (12.5 kg), 110 lb (50 kg), 220 lb (100 kg), 660 lb (300 kg) or 2,200 lb (1,000 kg) P.u.W bombs or air-mines up to a maximum warload of 2,200 lb (1000 kg).

References

  1. From Wikipedia Friedrichshafen G.III, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrichshafen_G.III;
  2. , John Batchelor and Lowe, Malcom V.. The Complete Encyclopedia of Flight 1848-1939
  3. Grosz, Peter M. Windsock Datafile 65 Friedrichshafen G.III / G.IIIa, Berkhamsted 1997, ISBN 0-948414-97-9

Friedrichshafen Aircraft 1916

Friedrichshafen FF.43

Friedrichshafen FF.43
Friedrichshafen FF.43 - 1916

The Friedrichshafen FF.43 was a German single-seat floatplane fighter of the 1910s produced by Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen.

Designed for defence of the floatplane bases, the FF.43 was a biplane powered by a Mercedes D.III inline piston engine driving a tractor propeller. It was armed with two 7.92 mm (0.312 in) LMG 08/15 forward-firing machine guns. Only one aircraft was built.

Friedrichshafen FF.43
  • Role: Floatplane fighter
  • Manufacturer: Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen
  • First flight: 8 September 1916
  • Number built: 1
  • Powerplant: Mercedes D.IIIa, water cooled 6 cylinder in-line, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 9.92 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 31.0 m² (334 ft²)
  • Length: 8.55 m (28 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
  • Empty weight: 798 kg (1,759 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,078 kg (2,377 lb)
  • Maximum speed: 163 km/h (102 mph)
  • Range: 400 km (249 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 2.8 m/s (551 ft/min)
  • Crew: One pilot
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Friedrichshafen FF.43. (2010, September 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:47, February 12, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Friedrichshafen_FF.43&oldid=385843959
  2. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
  3. Borzutzki, Siegfried (1993). Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH: Diplom-Ingenieur Theodor Kober. Berlin: KÖnigswinter. pp. 136.

Friedrichshafen Aircraft 1917

Friedrichshafen FF.41

Friedrichshafen FF.41 - 1917
Friedrichshafen FF.41 - 1917
Friedrichshafen FF.41AT - 1917
Friedrichshafen FF.41AT - 1917

The Friedrichshafen FF.41 was a large, German-built, three-seat, twin-engine amphibious reconnaissance aircraft designed by Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen in 1917.

The aircraft was mainly used as a reconnaissance aircraft, but also as a bomber and as a mine-laying aircraft. A torpedo-carrying version, the FF.41AT, was also developed. It had a modified fuselage and a single vertical fin (in comparison to the basic model's three). Only five FF.41AT aircraft were manufactured.
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Friedrichshafen FF.41
  • Role: Reconnaissance
  • National Origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH
  • First flight: 1917
  • Introduced: 1917
  • Primary users:
    • Kaiserliche Marine
    • Finnish Air Force
    • Estonian Air Force
  • Number built: 9
  • Developed from: Friedrichshafen FF.35
  • Powerplant: 2× Benz Bz.III 6-cylinder, water-cooled inline, 150 hp (112 kW) each
  • Wingspan: 72 ft (21.96 m)
  • Wing area: 1,210.5 ft² (112.5 m²)
  • Length: 44 ft 11 in (13.70 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 3 in (4.65 m)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,340 lb (3,670 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 65 kn, 74 mph (120 km/h)
  • Endurance: 6 hours
  • Crew: 3
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) machine gun
    • Bombs: 1 × 700 kg (1,540 lb) torpedo

References

  1. Friedrichshafen FF.41a http://forum.valka.cz/viewtopic.php/title/Friedrichshafen-FF-41a/p/296642#296642
  2. Friedrichshafen FF.41. (2011, February 2). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:03, February 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Friedrichshafen_FF.41&oldid=411494684
  3. Timo Heinonen (1992). Thulinista Hornetiin - 75 vuotta Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneita. Tikkakoski: Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo. ISBN 9519568824.
  4. Kroschel, G. Stützer, H.: Die deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910 - 1918, Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1994, ISBN 3-89350-693-4
  5. Borzutski Siegfried: Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH. Markus Burbach Verlag, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-92751-360-1
  6. Gray, Peter, Thetford, Peter: German Aircraft Of The First World War. Doubleday, Garden City, 1970
  7. Lambert M. Tennoe, Mariam T. Henssonow, Susan F. Surhone (Author) Friedrichshafen FF.41. Betascript Publishing (2010) ISBN-10: 6132353437, ISBN-13: 978-6132353436