Halberstadt D.II

Halberstadt D.II - 1916
Halberstadt D.II (Hanover) - 1916
Halberstadt D.III - 1916
Halberstadt D.III Manfred von Richtofen - 1916

The Halberstadt D.II was not a particularly well received biplane fighter aircraft that served through the period of Allied air superiority in early 1916, but had begun to be replaced with the superior Albatros fighters by the autumn of that year. The Halberstadt D.II was underpowered, slow, lacking in firepower. It was unable to match the altitudes reached by other planes in the German arsenal.
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Halberstadt D.II
  • Type: Fighter
  • Nation of Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Karl Theis
  • First flight: Late 1915
  • Introduced: Early 1916
  • Retired: 1917
  • Number Built: 85
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.II six cylinder in-line, 120 hp (90 kW)
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 11 in (8.8 m)
  • Length: 23 ft 11 in (7.3 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
  • Wing Area: 254 ft² (23.6 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 1,144 lb (519 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,606 lb (728.5 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 90 mph (145 km/h)
  • Rate of Climb: 15 min to 9,850 ft (3,000 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) lMG 08 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Halberstadt D.II", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halberstadt_D.II
  2. Cheesman, E.F. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Harleyford Publications.
  3. Munson, Kenneth (1968). "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914-1919 War". Blndford Press.
  4. Grey & Thetford (1962-70). "German Aircraft of the First World War" (2nd ed.). Putnam & Company.
  5. Grosz, Peter M. (1996). "Halberstadt Fighters-Classics of World War I Aviation". Albatros Publications.

Halberstadt CL.II

Halberstadt CL.II - 1916
Halberstadt CL.II - 1916
Halberstadt CL.II - 1916
Halberstadt CL.II - 1916

The Halberstadt CL.II was the first German purpose designed aircraft for the ground attack role. The Halberstädter Flugzeug Werke began supplying the German Halberstadt D-II during the summer of 1916. The plane was created to provide air support for ground troops.
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Halberstadt CL-II
  • Type: ground attack
  • Nation of Origin: German Empire
  • Designed By: Karl Theis
  • Entered Service: Summer of 1916
  • Retired: 1918
  • Manufacturer: Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary Users: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: Mercedes, in-line 6 cylinder, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wing Span: 35 ft 4 in (10.77 m)
  • Length: 23 ft 11 in (7.3 m)
  • Height: 9 ft (2.75 m)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 mph (165 kph)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,405 ft (5,090 m)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 3 machine-guns
    • Bombs: 110 lbs (50 kg)

References

  1. From Wikipedia Halberstadt CL.II, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halberstadt_CL.II"
  2. Angelucci, Enzo (ed.). "World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft". London: Jane's, 1981. ISBN 0 7106 0148 4.
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962.
  4. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Halberstadt CL.IV

Halberstadt CL.IV - 1918
Halberstadt CL.IV - 1918
Halberstadt CL.IV - 1918
Halberstadt CL.IV - 1918

The Halberstadt CL.IV was one of the most effective ground attack aircraft of World War I, relying on its good maneuverability to avoid ground fire. It appeared on the Western Front towards the end of the German offensives in 1918. Karl Thies, chief designer of the Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke, G.m.b.H., designed the CL.IV as a replacement for the CL.II, which was very successful in harassing Allied troops. Purpose of an improved version was to create a superior ground attack aircraft. The illustration represents a license built aircraft by Roland.
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Halberstadt CL.IV
  • Type: Ground Attack Aircraft
  • Nation of Origin: German Empire
  • Designed By: Karl Thies
  • Manufacturer:
    • Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke: c 450 aircraft
    • Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft G.m.b.H.(LFG Roland): c 250 aircraft
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Number Built: Aproximately 700
  • Primary Users: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder in-line engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 2.75 in (10.74 m)
  • Length: 21 ft 5.5 in (6.54 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,605 lb (728 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,354 lb (1,068 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 104 mph (186 km/h)
  • Endurance: 3.25 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns:
    • 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 “Spandau” synchronized machine gun
    • 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) “Parabellum” MG14 machine gun, on ring mount for observer
    • Bombs: Up to 5 × 20 lb (10 kg)

References

  1. From Wikipedia Halberstadt CL.IV, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halberstadt_CL.IV"
  2. Gerdessen, F. "Estonian Air Power 1918-1945". Air Enthusiast No 18, April -July 1982. Pages 61-76. ISSN 0143-5450.

Halberstadt C.V

Halberstadt C.V - 1918
Halberstadt C.V
Halberstadt CL.IV - 1919
Halberstadt C.V Estonian Air Force - 1919

The Halberstadt C.V was a German single-engined photo-reconnaissance biplane designed by Karl Theis. The C.V was built by Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke G.m.b.H. The first flight was in March of 1918, it proved very manoeuverable and superior to other type aircraft in its class. The C.V entered service in late 1918 where it saw limited service with the Luftstreitkräfte during the final months of the war.

The C.V was developed as a refinement of the Halberstadt C.III. The aircraft was fitted with a more powerful supercharged 160 kW (220 hp) Benz Bz.IV engine modified for high altitude flying by raising the compression in the cylinders. Armament consisted of a foreward firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine gun operated by the pilot, and a trainable parabellum machine gun operated by the observer. It could also carry up to 110 pounds (50kgs) of bombs. Initially a 250mm camera was mounted in the observer's cockpit floor. An electrical generator driven by the engine powered heated flying suits worn by the crew, and radio equipment.
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Halberstadt C.V
  • Role: Reconnaissance
  • Nation of Origin: German Empire
  • Designed By: Karl Theis
  • Manufacturer: Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke G.m.b.H.
  • First Flight: March 1918
  • Introduction: 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Developed From: Halberstadt C.III
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.IV 6-cylinder water-cooled inline engine, 220 hp (160 kW)
  • Wingspan: 44 ft 8 in (13.62 m)
  • Wing Area: 461.776 ft² (42.9 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 8 in (6.92 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 0 in (3.36 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2 050 lb (930 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,730 lb (1,238 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 92 kn, 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Rate of Climb: 24 minutes to 16,405 ft (5000 m)
  • Wing loading: 6.56 lbs/ft² (32.00 kg/m²)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,405 ft (5,000 m)
  • Range: 270 nm (500 km)
  • Endurance: 3 hr 30 mins
  • Crew: Two
  • Armament:
    • Pilot: 1 × fixed 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 “Spandau” machine gun
    • Observer: 1 × trainable 0.312 in (7.92 mm) parabellum machine gun
    • Bomb Load: 110 lb (50kg) of bombs

References

  1. Halberstadt C V 1918 The Virtual Aviation Museum Retrieved 02:23, March 28, 2011, from http://www.luftfahrtmuseum.com/htmi/itf/halc5.htm
  2. Halberstadt C.V. (2011, January 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:23, March 28, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Halberstadt_C.V&oldid=409268310
  3. 1914-1918 Connections Halberstadt C.V Mike Lewis. Retrieved 07:31 March 26, 2011 from http://www.mikerlewis.com/halb/index_cv.html
  4. Jackson, Robert, The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Paragon, 2002. ISBN 0-75258-130-9
  5. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 100. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  6. Grey, C.G. Jane's all the world's aircraft 1919 (reprint). New York: Arco Publishing Company, 1969. ISBN 0-0001-890-1.
  7. Grosz, Peter M. Halberstadt C V Windsock Datafile # 69 Albatros Productions Ltd. 1998 ISBN: 1-902207-02-5