Phönix D.III

Phönix D-III - 1918
Phönix D-III

The Phönix D.I was an Austro-Hungarian First World War biplane fighter built by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke and based on the Phönix D-II

The Phönix D.III was the third design developed by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke based on Hansa-Brandenburg designs which it has produced under licence. The D.III was a single-seat biplane fighter with improvements over the original Hansa-Brandenburg design which included more efficient wings, a more powerful 230hp (172kW) Hiero in-line engine. The Phönix D.III kept the structural improvements,and balanced elevators and balanced ailerons on the upper wings, used in the D.II. The last of 158 aircraft of all three types was delivered on 4 November 1918.

Phönix D.I
  • Type: Biplane fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer : Phönix Flugzeug-Werke
  • First Flight: 19187
  • Primary user: KuKLFT
  • Number Built: 158
  • Powerplant:8 1 × Hiero 6-cylinder inline piston, 230hp (172kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 11¾ in (9.75 m)
  • Length: 21 ft 9¾ in (6.65 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2¼ in (2.80 m)
  • Gross Weight: 1775 lb (805 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 112 mph (180 km/h)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 19,685 ft (6000 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Phönix D.I. (2010, February 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:22, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ph%C3%B6nix_D.I&oldid=343856688
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft" (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
  4. Lamberton, W.M. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Herts: Harleyford Publications Ltd.. pp. 22-23.

Aviatik (Berg) 30.27 & 30.29

Aviatik-Berg 30.27- 1918
Aviatik-Berg 30.27- 1918

When the Aviatik-Berg type 30.27 and 30.29 appeared early in 1918 it marked a radical change in design philosophy for Julius von Berg. The design was a lighter weight aircraft with a compact profile featuring a rounded cowling and forward fuselage. ALthough it was not successful it pointed toward more the form which would lead to future designs.

The design of both types was wooden construction with plywood fuselage skinning. The forward section of the aircraft was covered by light metal panels, and fabric-covered wings rounded out the design. Both the Aviatik 30.27 and 30.29 were fitted with the standard Austrian armament of twin synchronized fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns.
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Aviatik 30.27
  • Role: Experimental Light Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • Designed by: Julius von Berg
  • First Flight: 1918
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Power Plant: 1 × Steyr Le Rhone 11 cylinder air cooled rotary engine 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 22 ft 5 in (6.82 m)
  • Length: 16 ft 5 in (5.00 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 7 in (2.61 m)
  • Empty Weight: 851 lb (386 kg)
  • Take-off Weight: 1336 lb (606 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph (185 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik (Berg) 30.27 & 30.29 1918 The Virtual Aircraft Museum Retreived Sept 3. 08:55 from http://www.aviastar.org/air/austria/aviatik_30-27.php

Aviatik (Berg) 30.40

Aviatik-Berg 30.40- 1918
Aviatik-Berg 30.40- 1918

Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik designer Julius von Berg was working on a new lighter type of Aviatik fighter departing from their previous reliance on the heavier Austro-Daimler inline engine. The first attempt was the unsuccessful type 30.27 and 30.29 biplanes. The Aviatik-Berg 30.40 was a parasol monoplane derivative of the Aviatik 30.27. In fact many of the components came from the surviving 30.27 airframes. The prototype was built and flown during the summer of 1918. Only one example of the aircraft was built.

The Aviatik 30.40 was was a fairly standard wooden construction. The forward fuselage was covered by light metal panels and the remainder of the fuselage was skinned with plywood. The wing had fabric skinning, and steel-tube bracing struts were employed. The power for the Aviatik 30.40 was provided by a similar 160hp Steyr Le Rhone 11-cylinder rotary engine. Armament would have consisted of the standard twin synchronized fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

Aviatik (Berg) 30.40
  • Type:Experimental Monoplane Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • First Flight: 1918
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Power Plant: 1 × Steyr Le Rhone 11 cylinder air cooled rotary engine 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wing Span: 23.95 ft (7.3 m)
  • Wing Area: 113 ft² (10.5 m²)
  • Length: 17.55 ft (5.35 m)
  • Empty Weight: 807 lb (366 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1292 lb (586 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 119 mph (192 km/hr)
  • Climb:
    • 3,265 ft (1000 m) 1.5 min
    • 6,560 ft (2000 m) 2.83 min
    • 9,840 ft (3000 m) 6.83 min
    • 13,120 ft (4000 m)10 min
    • 16,325 ft (5000 m) 16.83 min
    • 19680 ft (6000 m) 22 min
  • Crew: 1
  • Proposed Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik (Berg) 30.40 1918 Retreived Sept 3. 08:45 from http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft25508.htm
  2. Aviatik (Berg) 30.40 1918 Virtual Aircraft Museum Retreived Sept 3. 09:05 from http://www.aviastar.org/air/austria/aviatik_30-40.php
  3. Aviatik Berg Scout The Aerodrome Forum Retreived Sept 3. 09:15 from http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/aircraft/1997-aviatik-berg-scout.html
  4. Grosz,Peter M. Haddow, George. Schiemer, Peter. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One p.156-157. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0963711008,