Avro 504

Avro 504 k
Avro 504 k

Fairly sturdy and easy to fly, the Avro 504 was used by the Royal Naval Air Service to conduct bombing raids into German territory at the beginning of the war. The first plane to strafe troops on the ground, it was also the first British plane to be shot down by enemy ground fire. Better aircraft soon replaced the Avro 504 in combat, but it remained the standard British trainer for the duration of the war.

Avro 504
  • First Introduced: July 1913
  • Engines:
    • Gnome Monosoupape, rotary, 100 hp
    • Le Rhône, rotary, 110 hp. (82 kW)
    • Clerget 9B, 130 hp (97 kW)
  • Wing Span: 36 ft - 10.97 m
  • Length: 29 ft 6 in - 8.99 m
  • Height: 10 ft 5 in - 3.175 m
  • Empty Weight: 1,231 lb - 558.37 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 1,829 lb - 829.62 kg
  • Maximum Speed:
    • (Gnome) 82 mph - 131.97 kph
    • (Le Rhône) 95 mph - 152.89 kph
    • (Clerget 9B) 94 mph - 151.28 kph
  • Service Ceiling:
    • Le Rhône: 16,000 ft - 4 876.8 m
    • Gnome: 13,000 ft - 3 962.4 m
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 1 × Lewis 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun

References

  1. Avro 504. (2010, November 16). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:30, December 11, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avro_504&oldid=397090437
  2. Bruce, J.M. The Avro 504: Historic Military Aircraft No. 8, Part I (pdf). Flight: pp.41-44. (9 July 1954). http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1954/1954%20-%201998.html.
  3. Bruce, J.M. The Avro 504: Historic Military Aircraft No. 8, Part II (pdf). Flight: pp.83-88. (16 July 1954). http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1954/1954%20-%202060.html.
  4. Bruce, J. M. Warplanes of the First World War - Fighter, Volume One, (1965) Great Britain. London: Macdonald.
  5. Donald, David (Editor). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft (1997). Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  6. Holmes, Tony. Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide (2005). London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0 0071 9292 4.
  7. Jackson, A.J. Avro Aircraft since 1908 (Second ed.) (1990). London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-834-8.
  8. Mason, Francis K. The British Fighter since 1912 (1992). Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-082-7.
  9. Mason, Francis K. The British Bomber since 1914 (1994). London: Putnam Aeronautical Books. ISBN 0 85177 861 5.
  10. Mikesh, Robert C.; Abe, Shorzoe. Japanese Aircraft 1910-1914 (1990). London: Putnam. ISBN 0 85177 840 2.
  11. Taylor, M J H (Editor). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation (1980). Jane's Publishing Company.