Morane Saulnier N

Morane Saulnier N
Morane Saulnier N

Due to the shape of its nose, the Morane-Saulnier Type N was aptly nicknamed the “Bullet”. Built in small numbers, it was the first French aircraft specifically developed as a fighter. Armed with a fixed, forward firing machine gun, its propeller was protected by the metal deflector plates pioneered by Roland Garros on the Morane-Saulnier Type L. Although it was faster and more maneuverable than previous aircraft, the Bullet was extremely difficult to fly and unpopular with pilots.

Morane Saulnier N
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier
  • First Introduced: 1914
  • Number Built: 49
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 8.5 in 8.15 m
  • Length: 19 ft 1.5 in 5.83 m
  • Height: 7 ft 4.5 in 2.25 m
  • Loaded Weight: 976 lb 444 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 90 mph 144 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 13,123 ft 4000 m
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Morane-Saulnier N, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morane-Saulnier_N"
  2. Bruce, J.M. "War Planes of the First World War: Fighters: Volume Five". London:Macdonald, 1972, p.86. ISBN 356 0779 7.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The Bullets and the Guns". Air Enthusiast. Issue Nine, February-May 1979. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press, 1979. Pages 61-75.

Nieuport 10

The Nieuport 10 biplane was originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and relatively maneuverable. Its major design problems were its fragility, and its lack of a synchronized machine gun. Most were exported to Russia, Italy and Britian

Nieuport 10
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: 1914
  • Powerplant: “Gnome” Lambda, air cooled 7 cylinder rotary, 80 hp. (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 8.20 m
  • Length: 7.10 m
  • Empty Weight: 658 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 658 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 140 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 4570 m
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 10, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_10"
  2. Cheesman, E.F. (ed.) "Fighter aircraft of the 1914-1918 War" Letchwordth, Harleyford 1960, p.90.

Nieuport 11

Nieuport 11 "Bébé" (baby) - 1915

The small Nieuport 11 biplane was affectionately known as the "Bébé" (baby). Originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and extremely maneuverable. Its only major problem was in the design of its wing struts. In a steep dive, the struts allowed the wings to twist, sometimes with disastrous results. Used by the British and French to counter the Fokker E.III, the Nieuport 11 was disadvantaged by its lack of a synchronized machine gun.

Nieuport 11
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: July 1915
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder, rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24 ft 9 in 7.55 m
  • Length: 19 ft 0.66 in 5.8 m
  • Height: 8 ft 0.5 in 2.45 m
  • Loaded Weight: 1,060 lb 480 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 97 mph 156 km/h at sea level
  • Ceiling: 15,090 ft 4,600 m
  • Endurance: 2 hrs 30 mins
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun, on the upper wing

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 11, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_11"
  2. Angelucci, Enzio, ed. "The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft". New York: The Military Press, 1983, p. 53. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps" (Military Wing). London:Putnam, 1982, p.326. ISBN 0 370 30084 x.
  4. Chant, Christopher and Michael J.H. Taylor. "The World's Greatest Aircraft". Edison NJ: Cartwell Books Inc., 2007, p. 14. ISBN 0-7858-2010-8.
  5. Cheesman E.F., ed. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, p. 92. ISBN 978-0-8306-8350-5.
  6. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action". Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.
  7. Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the 20th Century Weapons and Warfare". London: Purnell & Sons Ltd., 1967/1969, p. 1989. ISBN 0-8393-6175-0.

Ponnier M.1

Ponnier M-1 - 1915
French Ponnier M-1 (original configuration) -1915
Ponnier M-1 - 1915
Belgian Ponnier M-1 Abel De Neef (Le Vampire) - 1915
Ponnier M-1 - 1915
Belgian Ponnier M-1 s/n PO 18 - 1915

This small fighter was designed and built in France, where a few were used as trainers. Belgium ordered 30 for frontline use, but its extremely poor control caused the order to be cut to 10, or perhaps as many as 18, and it is not thought that any were actually used operationally.
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Ponnier M.1
  • Type: Fighter
  • Country of Origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Avions Ponnier
  • Designer: Emil Eugene Dupont
  • Number Built: 20
  • First flight: 1915
  • Retired: November 1916
  • Operators:
    • French Armee de l'Air: 1915-1916
    • Belgian Air Force: 1915-1917
  • Wingspan: 20 ft 4 in (6.18 m)
  • Wing area: 44.29 ft² (13.5 m²)
  • Length: 18.86 ft (5.75 m)
  • Height: 7.55 ft (2.30 m)
  • Empty Weight: (304kg)
  • Loaded Weight: (464kg)
  • Powerplant: Type 1 TD 80 hp (130 kW) Le Rhone 9C rotary engine
  • Cruising speed: 90.1 mph (145 kph)
  • Maximum speed: 103.8 mph (167 kph)
  • Range: Not Available
  • Rate of climb: 702.1 feet (214 meters) per minute
  • Service ceiling: Unavailable
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament:
    • 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) forward-firing drum-fed Lewis gun on upper wing
    • or
    • 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) forward-firing drum-fed Lewis gun on upper fuselage with deflector gear on the propeller.

References

  1. Jim Davilla Rare Birds Ponnier M.1 Over the Front Volume 26, Number 1, Spring 2011, p. 76-86
  2. Ponnier M.1 - Their Flying Machines http://www.flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft29124.htm
  3. Ponnier M.1 - Belgian Wings http://www.belgian-wings.be/.../Photos/.../Ponnier%20M1/ponnier_m1.htm
  4. Ponnier M.1 - http://www.www.aviastar.org/air/france/ponnier_m-1.php
  5. M.1 - 1915 http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fww1/ponnierm1.html
  6. Wrong airplane, wrong time Warnepieces http://warnepieces.blogspot.com/2011/05/wrong-airplane-wrong-time.html