Albatros D.V

Albatros D.Va - 1917
Albatros D.V

The Albatros D.V was a fighter aircraft used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during World War I. The D.V was the final development of the Albatros D.I family, and the last Albatros fighter to see operational service. Despite its well-known structural shortcomings and general obsolescence, approximately 900 D.V and 1,612 D.Va aircraft were built before production halted in early 1918. The D.Va continued in operational service until the end of the war.

In April 1917, Albatros received an order from the Idflieg (Inspektion der Fliegertruppen) for an improved version of the D.III. The prototype flew later that month.
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Albatros D.V
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros-Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: April 1917
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: approximately 2500
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIaü 6-cylinder water-cooled inline engine, 180 hp (134 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 8 in (9.04 m)
  • Wing area: 228.5 ft² (21.20 m²)
  • Length: 24 ft 1 in (7.33 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.70 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,515 lb (687 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 2,066 lb (937 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 116 mph (187 km/h) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 18,045 ft (5,500 m)
  • Wing loading: (44 kg/m²)
  • Time to climb: 4.35 min to 3,600 ft (1,000 m)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing fixed synchronized 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. "Albatros D.V", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.V
  2. Bennett, Leon. "Gunning for the Red Baron". College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2006. ISBN 1-58544-507-X.
  3. Connors, John F. "Albatros Fighters in Action" (Aircraft No. 46). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc, p. 22, p. 124. 1981. ISBN 0-89747-115-6.
  4. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". London: Salamander Books, 1994. ISBN 0-83173-939-8.
  5. Grosz, Peter M. "Albatros D.III (Windsock Datafile Special)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-90220-762-9.
  6. Mikesh, Robert C. "Albatros D.Va. : German Fighter of World War I". Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980, p. 7, p. 15, p. 17. ISBN 0-87474-633-7
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Albatros Aces of World War I Part 2" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 77). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2007, p. 40, p. 65. ISBN 1-84603-179-6.

Euler D.II

Euler D.II - 1917
Euler D.II - 1917

The Euler D.II was a German single-seat fighter, the successor to the earlier Euler D.I. The D.II was essentially a re-engined Euler D.I, the air-frame being virtually unchanged and the power plant being a 100 hp (75 kW) Oberusel U I seven cylinder air cooled rotary engine.

Thirty D.II fighters were ordered by the German air force in March 1917, however due to slow production these were not delivered until December 1917. As a result the D.II was relegated to the role of a trainer aircraft for the rest of the war.

Euler D.II
  • Role: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Euler-Werke
  • Designed by: August Euler
  • First flight: early 1917
  • Introduced: December 1917
  • Retired: 1918
  • Primary user: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number built: 30
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberusel U.I seven cylinder rotary engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 6 in (7.47 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.75 m)
  • Length: 19 ft 5 ⅞ in (5.94m)
  • Empty weight: 838 lb (380 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,356 lb (615 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 90 mph (145 km/h)
  • Time to 6,560 ft (2,000 m): 9.5 minutes
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 1 × forward-firing fixed 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Euler D.II. (2010, September 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:17, August 19, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euler_D.II&oldid=385551219
  2. William Green and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Colour Library Direct, Godalming, UK: 1994. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.
  3. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962. ISBN 0-93385-271-1

Fokker Dr.I

Fokker Dr.I - 1917
Fokker Dr.I Triplane

The Fokker DR.I triplane was built after the successful Sopwith Triplane. While the Fokker DR.I not as fast as many contemporary biplanes, the Dreidecker could easily outclimb any opponent. Small, lightweight and highly maneuverable, it offered good upward visibility and lacked the traditional bracing wires that could be shot away during combat. This combination of features made it an outstanding plane in a dogfight.

When the DR.I first entered service, antagonists scoffed until pilots like Werner Voss showed what it could do in a fight. Flying a prototype, Voss shot down 10 British aircraft in 6 days of aerial combat during September 1917.
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Fokker Dr.I
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: August 1917
  • Number Built: 320
  • Powerplant: Oberursel UR-II, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wing Span: 23 ft 7 3/8 in (7.19 m)
  • Length: 18 ft 11 1/8 in (5.77 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in
  • Empty Weight: 893 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1,289.2 lb (586 kg)
  • Speed: 103 mph 165 kmh 13120 ft (4000 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 20,013 ft (6100 m)
  • Endurance: 1½ hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker_Dr-I", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_Dr.I"
  2. Franks, Norman. "Sopwith Triplane Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 62). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2004, p. 9, p. 21. ISBN 1-84176-728-X.
  3. Franks, Norman and Greg VanWyngarden. "Fokker Dr.I Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of The Aces No. 40). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2001, p. 22, pp. 25-27, p. 55, p. 83. ISBN 1-84176-223-7.
  4. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 100. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  5. Leaman, Paul. "Fokker Dr.I Triplane: A World War One Legend". Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2003, pp. 30, 32, p. 34, p. 53, p. 69, p. 95-96, p. 181, p. 222. ISBN 1-90322-328-8.
  6. Nowarra, Heinz J. "Fokker Dr.I In Action" (Aircraft No. 98). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1990, p. 12, p. 47. ISBN 0-89747-229-2.
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Richthofen's Flying Circus: Jagdgeschwader Nr I" (Aviation Elite Units No. 16). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2004, p. 75. ISBN 1-84176-726-3.
  8. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1965, p. 226, p. 228-229, pp. 231-236, pp. 238-239, pp. 244-246, p. 410. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker D.V

Fokker D.V - 1917
Fokker D.V - 1917

The Fokker D.V was the German army designation for the Fokker M.22 biplane, ordered as a training aircraft in October 1916. It was the last in a series of closely related and generally unsatisfactory Fokker biplanes produced since the acceptance of the Fokker D.I in June 1916.

After the disappointing performance of his D.I through D.IV, Anthony Fokker resolved to produce a smaller, lighter rotary-powered design. The new prototype, designated M.21, was a development of the earlier M.17 fighter which Fokker had produced for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service. The M.21 featured a swept back upper wing to improve pilot view.

Fokker was enthusiastic about the new aircraft, which was highly maneuverable. After the addition of a modified cowling and stringers along the fuselage sides, the aircraft was designated M.22. In October 1916, Idflieg ordered production of the M.22 now designated as the D.V.
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Fokker D.V
  • Role: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • First Flight: 1916
  • Entered Production: 1916
  • Number Built: 216
  • Primary user: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 9 in (8.75 m)
  • Wing area: 167 ft² (15.5 m²)
  • Length: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 6 in (2.30 m)
  • Empty weight: 800 lb (363 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,248 lb (566 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.I rotary, 110 hp (82 kW)
  • Maximum speed: 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 12,795 ft (3,900 m)
  • Time to 3,300ft: 3 minutes
  • Time to 13,000ft: 24 minutes
  • Rate of climb: 520 ft/min (2.6 m/s)
  • Range: 149 miles (240 km)
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun

References

  1. Rickard, J (30 October 2007), Fokker D.V , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_fokker_dV.html
  2. Fokker D.V. (2011, June 7). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:35, June 21, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fokker_D.V&oldid=432958285
  3. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. London:> Putnam, 1962. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  4. Leaman, Paul. Fokker Dr.I Triplane: A World War One Legend. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-90322-328-8.
  5. Weyl, A.R. Fokker: The Creative Years. London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker D.VI

Fokker D.VI - 1917
Fokker D.VI

The Fokker D.VI was an excellent aircraft that was not to be. It was overshadowed by the success of the Fokker D.VII. The design was a biplane based on a streched Dr.1 fuselage. Only a handfull were built and entered service.

Fokker D.VI
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Powerplant: 1× Rhone Air Cooled 9 cylinder Rotary . (82 kW)
  • Wing Span: (7.66 m)
  • Length: (6.19 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)
  • Empty Weight: (392 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: (582 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (201 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: (5940 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VI", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VI
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 102-103. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Crescent Books, 1993. ISBN 0-51710-316-8.
  4. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1965, p. 262, p. 264, p. 269, p. 271. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Pfalz D.III

Pfalz D.III - 1917
Pfalz D.III

The Pfalz D.III was a fighter aircraft used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during the First World War. The D.III was the first major original design from Pfalz Flugzeugwerke. Though generally considered inferior to contemporary Albatros and Fokker fighters, the D.III was widely used by the Jagdstaffeln from the fall of 1917 through the summer of 1918. It continued to serve as a training aircraft until the end of the war.

Prior to World War I, Pfalz Flugzeugwerke produced Morane-Saulnier monoplane designs under license. These aircraft entered military service as the Pfalz A- and E-series. In September 1916, Pfalz began producing the first of 20 Roland D.I and 200 Roland D.II fighters under license.
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Pfalz D.III
  • Type: Fighter
  • Designed By: Rudolph Gehringer
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First Flight : April 1917
  • Enterted Service: 1917
  • In Service: 1917-1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: approximately 1010
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIaü, inline watercooled engine, 180 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 10 in (9.40 m)
  • Wing Area: 238.6 ft² (22.17 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.95 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,521 lb (690kg)
  • Max Takeoff Weight: 2,061 lb (935 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph (185 km/h) at sea level; 102.5 mph at 9,842 ft; 91.5 mph at 15,000 ft
  • Service Ceiling: 17,060 ft (5,200 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 33 minutes to 15,000 ft (4,600 m)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2× 0.312 in 7.92 mm LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.III", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.III
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 188-189. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.
  3. Grosz, Peter M. "Pfalz D.IIIa" (Windsock Datafile No. 2l). Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 1995, p. 2, pp. 7-9. ISBN 0-94841-425-1.
  4. Guttman, Jon. "Balloon-Busting Aces of World War 1" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 66). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2005, p. 9. ISBN 1-84176-877-4.
  5. Herris, Jack. "Pfalz Aircraft of World War I" (Great War Aircraft in Profile, Volume 4). Boulder, Colorado: Flying Machine Press, 2001, p. 10, pp. 27-30, pp. 61-62, p. 154. ISBN 1-891268-15-5.
  6. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Pfalz Scout Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 71). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006, pp. 18-19, pp. 45-46, pp. 50, 62, p. 77. ISBN 1-84176-998-3.

Rumpler D.I

Rumpler D.I - 1917
Rumpler D.I

The Rumpler D.I (factory designation 8D1) was a fighter-reconnaissance aircraft produced in Germany at the end of World War I. It was a conventional single-bay biplane with wings of unequal span braced by I-struts. It featured an open cockpit and a fixed, tailskid undercarriage. The upper wing was fitted with aerodynamically balanced ailerons and fuselage had an oval cross-section.
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Rumpler D.I
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Rumpler
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • First flight : 1917
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III, six-cylinder water-cooled inline engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 27 ft 8 in (8.42 m)
  • Length: 18 ft 10 in (5.75 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.56 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,390 lb (630 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 1,860 lb (846 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (180 km/h)
  • Range: 3230 miles (60 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,000 m)
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Rumpler D.I", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumpler_D.I
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 534-237.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing, 1985, p. 2834.
  4. Kroschel, Günter and Helmut Stützer. "Die Deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910-1918" (in German). Wilhelmshaven: Herford Verlag, E.S. Mittler & Sohn, 1994. ISBN 3-920602-18-8.
  5. Murphy, Justin D. "Military Aircraft: Origins to 1918: An Illustrated History of their Impact". Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 2005. ISBN 1-85109-488-1.
  6. Taylor, Michael J. H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions, 1989, pp. 771-772. ISBN 0-51710-316-8.

Siemens Schuckert D.III

Siemens-Schuckert D.III - 1918
Siemens Schuckert D.III

Sleek, rugid, fast and nimble were all words that could be used to describe the Siemens Schuckert D.III. Though not produced in great numbers it was an important design from the point of view of future aircraft design.

Siemens Schuckert D.III
  • Manufacturer: Siemens-Schuckert Werke
  • Type: Fighter
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Powerplant: 1× Siemens-Halske SH.III air cooled 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wing Span: 8.40 m
  • Length: 5.75 m
  • Empty Weight: 534 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 725 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 180 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 8000 m
  • Crew:1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

References

  1. "Siemens-Schuckert D.III", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siemens-Schuckert_D.III
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.
  3. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". London: Salamander Books, 1994. ISBN 0-83173-939-8.
  4. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Jagdgeschwader Nr II Geschwader 'Berthold'" (Aviation Elite Units No. 19). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-84176-727-1.