Lebed-VII

Lebed-VII
Lebed-VII

The Lebed-VII was a Russian manufactored copy of the Sopwith Tabloid. The aircraft was powered with a 80hp Gnome engine instead of the Gnôme Monosoupape, rotary, 100 hp engine in the original 1913 British design. The aircraft was intended to be used as a fighter prototype but carried no weapons. Only a few them were built .The Lebed-VII that were built ended up being used for pilot training.

Lebed-VII
  • Type: Trainer
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Powerplant: Gnôme Monosoupape, 9 cylinder Rotary, 100 hp (74 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24.9 ft (7.49 m)
  • Length: 22.8 ft (6.95 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,200 lb (545 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,580 lb (717 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 80 knots, 92.5 mph (148.86 km)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: None

Morane Saulnier N

Morane Saulnier N - 1915
Morane Saulnier N

Due to the shape of its nose, the Morane-Saulnier Type N was aptly nicknamed the “Bullet”. Built in small numbers, it was the first French aircraft specifically developed as a fighter. Armed with a fixed, forward firing machine gun, its propeller was protected by the metal deflector plates pioneered by Roland Garros on the Morane-Saulnier Type L. Although it was faster and more maneuverable than previous aircraft, the Bullet was extremely difficult to fly and unpopular with pilots. This design was exported to Russia where several aces successfuly flew the aircraft in combat.

Morane Saulnier N
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier
  • First Introduced: 1914
  • Number Built: 49
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 8.5 in 8.15 m
  • Length: 19 ft 1.5 in 5.83 m
  • Height: 7 ft 4.5 in 2.25 m
  • Loaded Weight: 976 lb 444 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 90 mph 144 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 13,123 ft 4000 m
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Morane-Saulnier N, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morane-Saulnier_N"
  2. Bruce, J.M. "War Planes of the First World War: Fighters: Volume Five". London:Macdonald, 1972, p.86. ISBN 356 0779 7.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The Bullets and the Guns". Air Enthusiast. Issue Nine, February-May 1979. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press, 1979. Pages 61-75.

Nieuport 11

Nieuport 11 - DUK - 1915
Nieuport 11

The small Nieuport 11 biplane was affectionately known as the "Bébé" (baby). Originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and extremely maneuverable. Its only major problem was in the design of its wing struts. In a steep dive, the struts allowed the wings to twist, sometimes with disastrous results. The Nieuport 11 was used by the Russian Empire in limited numbers. The aircraft was disadvantaged by its lack of a synchronized machine gun.

Nieuport 11
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: July 1915
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder, rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24 ft 9 in 7.55 m
  • Length: 19 ft 0.66 in 5.8 m
  • Height: 8 ft 0.5 in 2.45 m
  • Loaded Weight: 1,060 lb 480 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 97 mph 156 km/h at sea level
  • Ceiling: 15,090 ft 4,600 m
  • Endurance: 2 hrs 30 mins
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun, on the upper wing

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 11, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_11"
  2. Angelucci, Enzio, ed. "The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft". New York: The Military Press, 1983, p. 53. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps" (Military Wing). London:Putnam, 1982, p.326. ISBN 0 370 30084 x.
  4. Chant, Christopher and Michael J.H. Taylor. "The World's Greatest Aircraft". Edison NJ: Cartwell Books Inc., 2007, p. 14. ISBN 0-7858-2010-8.
  5. Cheesman E.F., ed. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, p. 92. ISBN 978-0-8306-8350-5.
  6. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action". Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.
  7. Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the 20th Century Weapons and Warfare". London: Purnell & Sons Ltd., 1967/1969, p. 1989. ISBN 0-8393-6175-0.

Sikorsky S-16

Sikorsky S-16 - 1916
Sikorsky S-16

The Sikorsky S-16 (named after its designer) or RBVZ S-XVI (named after its manufacturer) was a Russian equi-span single-bay two-seat biplane designed by Igor Sikorsky in 1914-15. Conceived in response to demand for an escort fighter for the Ilya Muromets bombers. The prototype S-16 made its first flight on February 6, 1915. This prototype was fitted with an 80 hp air-cooled 7 cylinder, Gnome rotary engine instead of the intended 100hp because of supply problems. The S-16 was the first Sikorsky fighter to be equipped with a synchronized machine gun firing through the propeller. However, the synchronization left much to be desired. The S-16, with slight modifications from batch to batch survived the Revolution and were operational with the Red Air Force through the Civil War.
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Sikorsky S-16
  • Type: Fighter Scout
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: RBVZ (Russo-Baltic Wagon Works)
  • Designed by: Igor Sikorsky
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Powerplant: 1× Gnome, air-cooled 7 cylinder rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 2.6 in (8 m)
  • Length: 19 ft 4.6 in (5.9 m)
  • Empty Weight: 897.28 lb (407 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,488.12 lb (675 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 74.56 mph (120 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 11,482.94 ft (3500 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in 7.7 mm Lavrov machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Sikorsky S-16, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikorsky_S-16"
  2. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". Colour Library Direct, Godalming, UK: 1994. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.

SPAD A2

SPAD A-II 1915

One of the more outlandish attempts to design an aircraft with forward firing capabilities. The gunner/observer sat in a small cabin that was attached in front of the prop of the engine. There were many problems with this design, ranging from lack of communication between crew members, to a safety issue for the observer. Many of these planes were exported to Russia.

SPAD A2
  • Type: Fighter Reconaisence
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • First Introduced: 1915
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 9.55 m
  • Length: 7.29 m
  • Empty Weight: 535 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 815 kg
  • Max. speed: 112 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 3000 m
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD A.2, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_A.2"
  2. Bordes, Gérard (1981). Mach 1, "Encyclopédie de l'Aviation", Vol. 8. Editions Atlas.
  3. Connors, John F. (1989). "SPAD Fighters in action". Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0-89747-217-9.

Voisin LAS

Voisin III
Voisin LAS

The French made Voisin pusher served in the war from Russian plains to Mesopotamian desert. For flying over central Russia, the Imperial Russian Air Service substituted skis for rubber wheels. It was eventualy replaced by the improved Voisin Ivanov that was introduced in 1916 and 1917.

Voisin LAS
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Powerplant: 1 ×Salmson Canton-Unne water cooled radial 150hp (112 kW)
  • Wingspan:
    • Upper WIng: 48 ft 4.31 in (14.74m)
    • Lower Wing: 41 ft 1.7 in (12.54 m)
  • Length: 31 ft 2 in (9.5 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,984.2 lb (900 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,755.78 lb (1250 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 65.24 mph (105 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 9,842.5 ft (3000 m)
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 1 × machine gun